Changes Came In Indian Music From 50s To Present - History Of Indian Music


   How many of you can still tap your feet listening to ‘Mera Naam Chin Chin Chu’? All of us..isn’t it? That’s the magic spell of the 50s. The spell still continues in 2018 with songs like ‘Main Tera Boyfriend’. What is Bollywood film industry without its song? Starting from “nasal singing” or “dancing around the trees” to remixes and beatbox, Bollywood songs have been welcomed worldwide. Right from the black & white era till present, Bollywood songs never left us disappointed. It always affected the subconscious choices of a common man. Over the years lots of evolution, rising and downfall have been an integral part of Hindi film industry. Here’s a deep diving reminiscing of different decades and shades of music. 



THE BLACK & WHITE ERA: 1950s
  This was the period when Bollywood was influenced by 'nasal style' singing. An era of 'static frames' with little body movement. All actions executed by 'eyes & eyebrows'. Beginning of this decade introduces nasal singer K .L.Saigal, and his famous song, 'Jab Dil Hi Toot Gaya'. Among other singers who shows nasal singing as their style were-Zohrabai, Ambalewali Shamshad Begum, Noor Jahan. These singers marveled in nasal tone singing- reigning Bollywood industry. Singers like Lata,  Kishore too, initially adapted this nasal style and tuned their voice into nasal singing. 'Shree 420' was a huge musical hit in 1955. Shankar Jaikishan was an eminent music director of those times. Naushad was another foremost & greatest music directors of early 50s in Bollywood. Musical instruments like Castanets, commonly associated with a folk dance of Spanish Sevillanas, can be marked in 'Tere Sur Aur Mere Geet' (Goonj Uthi Shehnai) in 1959. Use of Harmonica was frequently observed to portray an optimistic attitude of Heroes in songs like 'Jaane Walo Zara'.

GOLDEN ERA OF MUSIC & PURE DANCE: 1960s
   The 1960s- the most prominent and path-breaking decade in the era of Bollywood music. Nasal tones got replaced by melodious thin voices. Budding music directors like O. P. Nayyar, S.D.Burman, Salil Choudhury, Madan Mohan, Shankar Jaikishan, came into limelight. The downfall of Noor Jahan and Geeta Dutt paved the way for legendary dua- 'Lata Mangeshkar & Asha Bhosle'. Unforgetful 'Qawwalis and Mujras' got popular in the 60s. Implementation of western music was quite prominent and easily felt. From Guitar to Mandolin or Western Concert Flute to Saxophone or Reco-Reco, originating from Brazilian music used in the song 'Mere Samne Wali Khidki Mein'(1968), clicked with the listeners. Music like Jazz, Rock & Roll, folk songs started impacting musicians. This led to the incorporation of dance beautifully executed by female actors like Waheeda Rehman, Vyayjanthimala, Mala Sinha. Songs like 'Piya Tose' or  'Hoto Pe Aisi' resonate sanctity of music of this era.

DECADE OF TRENDSETTING LEGENDARY MUSIC: 1970s
   Changing decade in Bollywood music has always gifted something exceptional for audiences. Paving way for broader spectrum propelled music & dance to a new level. An era of cabaret & Disco, R.D.Burman's track was perfectly complimented with heroines like Helen, Aruna Irani, Bindu. Incorporation of such songs highlighted plot. The 70s arrived with a scope of changes in Hindi film songs, the emergence of Western music dropped in diverse musical supremacy. It fueled a unique Indo-Western music that went on becoming an inseparable or integral existence of Bollywood.

   Both fast-tempo and slow songs were a part of 70s temperament. Italian instrument Cello was experimented in the song 'Zindagi Ke Safar Mein'. Who can forget the enchanting eyes of Zeenat Aman holding a 6 string European roots 'Guitar' in 'Chura Liya Hai Tumne'. Use of Bongo-Conga a percussion instrument at once transforms 'living room romance' to 'Gypsy party'. Now you can relate to the magic of 'O Mere Dil Ke Chain', it's Bonga-Conga!!



USE OF DISCO AND GROWING ROMANCE: 1980s
   'Bappi Lahiri-Disco-80s”, the inseparable trio, is a trademark of the 1980s. The trend of disco took the front seat, supported by musicians like Bappi Lahiri, R.D.Burman, Kalyanji Anandji. Disco era proposed new trends to fashion designers designing dazzling glossy costumes with colorful lights blinking on sets and 'Mithun Chakraborty'. All cars, parties heard the drum beats and peppy songs, with its freshness loved by the new generation. This period provided some great piece of work for the choreographers. Growing romance was in the air with movies -'Ek Duje Ke Liye', 'Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak', music was the heart and soul in both films. With the continuation of royal reign of R.D. Burman, female actors started replacing Helen or Bindu. Female actors like Parveen Babi, Zeenat Aman lead playlist in this decade. 'Pyar Karne Wale', 'Pyar Mein Dil Pe Maar De Goli' topped the charts which had remarkable stuff happening. The storyline was intimately connected to music and songs.

AN EPOCH OF INTENSE LOVE AND CELEBRATION: 1990’s
   All you mid 30's reading us can relate to this era, when, intense music stirred your emotional notes. This eon witnessed some biggest musical blockbuster hits after 'Sholay'. Early 90's observed the enchanting melodious combination of ‘Nadeem Shravan - Kumar Sanu - Sameer'. Their songs speak of bitter heartbreak, unbearable longing, Promises of togetherness. 'heightened intensity' in music and lyrics were typical of early 90's. The 'Dhak Dhak' song, when played today, remind us of Madhuri Dixit, who marveled through such fun and raunchy numbers. 1990's introduced 'Three Khans'- on screen Romance lead to dance and celebration 'at the drop of a hat'. Be it songs like ' Didi Tera Devar Deewana', 'Tujhe Dekha To Yeh', 'Kabootar Ja Ja' was the interesting hit numbers. Govinda and Karishma made sleazy songs like 'Sarkai Lo Khatiya' look fun, they simply nailed it.

 GENRES OF REMIXES AND QUICK MOVES: 2000’s
   With the onset of Y2K(as popularly known then)-2000's mellowed down the Indi-pop culture. A new trend of Rap evolved. This was a decade of remixes, composers tried to revive the essence of the Golden era by remixing original songs. Youngsters love the way it was produced though critics differed from the majority. Rappers like Baba Sehgal, Bohemia, Devang Patel came up to the limelight. In Bollywood increasing quick moves and skin shows resulted in composition of loud music. Apart from dance numbers Amir and Shahrukh Khan kept the romance alive. With Shahrukh opening out his arms in songs like 'Humko Hami Se Churalo' or Amir's expertise singing in 'Aati Kya Khandala' even if it lacked the depth of lyrics. Soon these became a National favorite. During 2000's a song was used to introduce any particular character or showing credit to some happy endings. All music was a depiction of larger than life, that grew to exorbitant levels. Singers like Sonu Nigam, Shaan, Mahalaxmi, Shreya, Sunidhi was voicing each and every song.

DECADE OF ITEM SONGS: 2010’s
  Be it any genre and you can find it in the current scenario of Bollywood music. Numerous movies, numerous music directors, numerous songs, numerous singers, this is the present trend in music. Each music director has their own unique style. From songs 'Kajra Re' to 'Maa' from 'Taare Zameen Par'. 2010's songs completely lost their purpose of storytelling and focused on 'objectification' of a female body. With item songs 'Munni Badnaam' or 'Sheela Ki Jawani'. Hard selling of movies begin on these songs, melody and slow soft songs almost vanished particular music directors started typecasting singers. Pritam preferred 'Arijit Singh' for all his romantic numbers. Himesh Reshammiya lends his own voice for his self-composition. Female singers like Sunidhi Chauhan and Shreya Ghoshal reminded us of the unbeatable duo ' Lata & Asha'. Shreya being the melody queen and Sunidhi excelled in fast peppy numbers.
   There are lots of changes, came in Indian music and they also affected Indian society. People still remember that Golden era of Indian music and still listen to those evergreen classic songs. Those songs still make people feel comfortable. Today's music is also awesome to shake your body from head to toe. Youngsters listen to modern songs but listen to those classic songs as well. No one can forget those unforgettable songs. Classic music always reminds us how we developed and reached here, where we are today 

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